You’ve just rolled out of bed when, oh no! You notice the presence of undesired pimples on your face, which was blemish-free the night before. Could acne be creeping up on you?
Where does acne come from?
Acne is a skin disease that is very common, but not without consequence. The risk of scars and low self-esteem are part of the reality of people affected by this health issue. But where does acne come from?
The body produces on the skin’s surface an oily substance known as sebum, which is essential to keep skin hydrated. Sebum is produced by the sebaceous glands, which are located at the non-visible tip of hair follicles. Sometimes, sebaceous glands produce too much sebum and cells obstruct the duct through which it is secreted on the skin’s surface. Clogged pores promote the development of bacteria, which cause inflammation and produce acne pimples. Acne appears mostly on the face and neck, but also the shoulders, back and arms. There are many types of acne spots, from small, red pimples to very painful cysts.
What causes acne?
Acne mostly affects teenagers and usually disappears in adulthood. Boys usually suffer from acne more than girls, and the chances of having acne problems increase if the parents have had them. There are several causes of acne, notably:
- hormonal changes in puberty;
- hormonal variations in women (pregnancy, menstruation, etc.);
- taking certain medications;
- using greasy or oily cosmetic products;
- excessive sweating;
- close contact of skin with an object or clothing that can irritate it (backpack, baseball hat, etc.);
- some types of work environments (exposure to frying oil or chemical products);
- excessive skin cleansing and rubbing.
Contrary to popular belief, acne is not caused by a high-fat diet or bad hygiene, and it is absolutely not contagious.
Psychological consequences of acne
Acne does not affect everyone the same way. It can be mild and temporary, or severe and disfiguring. No matter its intensity, acne can have major consequences on a person’s mental health. These psychological consequences are, for example:
- social withdrawal;
- loss of self-esteem;
- loss of self-confidence;
- negative body image;
There are several effective treatments to fight acne. It is best to act rapidly and therefore lessen the negative impact on your well-being.
A few tips to help manage acne
In addition to the treatment options that are available for acne, there are some measures you can take to help manage your acne. For example:
- Don’t touch your pimples.
- Wash your face once or twice a day with a cleanser that is specifically designed for acne.
- Avoid rubbing your skin.
- Apply sunscreen when your skin is exposed to the sun.
- Use oil-free makeup and choose non-comedogenic cosmetic products.
- Wash your pillowcase and bed sheets regularly.
Don’t hide; take charge of your acne! Don’t hesitate your ask your pharmacist or doctor for help. They can suggest effective treatment options to put an end to pimples.