2 health problems linked to heat and how to treat them


During summer season, there are plenty of occasions to soak up the sun. However, it’s important not to forget that a heat overdose can lead to unpleasant and even dangerous symptoms. We’ll help you identify them and find out how to react in any given situation.

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1. Heat exhaustion

How to recognize it
While heat exhaustion is normally harmless, it can manifest itself through symptoms such as:

  • fatigue;
  • nausea;
  • dizziness;
  • headaches;
  • hot flushes;
  • sweating;
  • weakness.

Generally, these symptoms only last for a short period of time if you apply the necessary heat exposure relief measures.

How to treat it
In case of heat exhaustion, rest in a cool place for several hours. Use wet compresses, take a cool shower or use a water spray bottle. The most important thing is to make sure you drink plenty of liquids (ideally, water), even if you don’t feel thirsty.

2. Heatstroke

How to recognize it
When you suffer from heatstroke, your body loses its capacity to regulate its temperature. As a result, the following symptoms may occur:

  • fever above 40°C;
  • absence of sweating;
  • confusion, aggressiveness, delirium;
  • rapid and weak pulse;
  • rapid breathing;
  • hot, dry, and red skin;
  • loss of consciousness;
  • seizures.

Contrary to heat exhaustion, heatstroke, also called “sunstroke”, is a medical emergency.

How to treat itAnyone suffering from heatstroke must immediately be taken to an emergency room. If left untreated, heatstroke can lead to serious brain damage and even death. While you wait for the ambulance, keep the person suffering from heatstroke in a cool and shaded place and loosen his or her clothing. If the person is conscious, give him or her something cool to drink. Use wet compresses and a fan to keep cool air flowing. In case of vomiting, turn the person on the side.


It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between heat exhaustion and heatstroke. When in doubt, consult a health professional as quickly as possible. He can help you determine how serious the situation is and what to do. Also, speak with your pharmacist for advice on how to protect yourself from the sun and its potentially harmful effects.


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