Travelling is an exciting way to meet people and learn about different cultures. But you have to be careful. Travelling can expose you to disease and poor sanitary conditions. In this document, you will find practical information for safe and healthy travel. In a foreign country, just like at home, a little prevention goes a long way.
While in Venezuela, you will be able to phone to Canada through a Canadian operator by dialing a Canada-direct number: 0-800-100-1100.
Before your stay
Immunizations and screenings
In this section, you will find the list of the immunizations and screenings recommended for Canadians travelling to the above destination (Venezuela). Some of them may also be mandatory.
Diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles
These vaccines are part of every Canadian's standard immunization regimen. Make sure that you are vaccinated and have received the booster shots when required.
Vaccination is recommended for travellers 9 months and older. Vaccination is usually not recommended if travel is limited to the following areas (except under some circumstances - long stay in rural areas without protection for mosquito bites): states of Aragua, Carabobo, Miranda, Vargas, Yaraguy and Distrito Federal. Vaccination is NOT recommended for the following areas: Margarita Island, cities of Caracas and Valencia, states of Falcon and Lara, peninsular section of the Paez municipality of Zulia province and urban zones of sea resorts along the north coast.
Moderate prevalence of carriers. Vaccination is recommended travellers staying in the country a few months or more, healthcare professionals or people receiving health care, those in close contact with local residents, parents adopting a child and those engaging in sexual relations with the country's inhabitants.
Vaccination is recommended for all travellers who are planning a long-term visit, expect to have close contact with local residents or who are planning stays outside tourist areas in unhygienic conditions. Also recommended for travellers in whom gastric defenses are weakened.
Cholera is present in certain regions of the country. Consider protection only if anticipating close contact with local residents in unhygienic conditions. Vaccination is recommended for health professionals and aid workers assigned to endemic areas. Also recommended for travellers in whom gastric defenses are weakened.
Vaccination is recommended for all travellers.
Malaria is present in rural areas of the following states: Apure, Amazonas, Anzoategui, Barinas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira, and Zulia Delta Amacuro. Presence in Angel Falls. No risk in Margarita Island. Mefloquine (Lariam), atovaquone combined with proguanil (Malarone) or doxycycline (Vibramycin) are the drugs of choice.
During your stay
Once there, you should still be cautious as you could be exposed to other diseases. The presence of diseases that could pose a risk to your health has been reported in the country. The risk is related to the activities you choose to take part in as well as the areas you visit.
Anti-mosquito precautions are essential everywhere in the country.
Schistosomiasis is present in certain areas of the country. Although the risk of transmission is low, avoiding all contact with fresh water is recommended (swimming, fishing, drinking untreated water).
Vaccination is recommended only for certain groups of travellers such as veterinarians, animal attendants, spelunkers or other at-risk groups. Vaccination is also recommended for travellers visiting regions where the virus is endemic and where it could be difficult to quickly get a post-exposure treatment and among travellers who will spend lots of time outdoors in rural areas. Vaccination is also recommended to children who will travel frequently or for long stays in a regions with risk, and which are too young to understand the precautions or to mention a bite.
The above vaccinations apply to all travellers. For a personalized protection program adapted to your travelling and health needs, visit a travel medicine clinic. Plan ahead: If you need several vaccines, you may need several weeks to complete the immunization schedule.
Prior to your departure, you may want to consider registering for the Canadians Abroad Service. Registering allows the service to contact and assist you if there is an emergency while you are abroad. Visit the Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada website for more information about this service and how to register.
If you have purchased travel insurance, your policy will likely include a 24/7 emergency assistance service to help you locate care and coordinate payment. Be sure to have their phone number with you at all times.
The Canadian Government also has several offices abroad that can provide you with numerous services when in a medical emergency. These services include, but are not limited to:
- Supplying names of local doctors and health facilities
- Visiting you in the hospital and providing basic translation services
- Arranging for medical evacuation if your required treatment is not available in the region (note: costs for this service will not be covered by the government, but may be covered by travel insurance)
Make sure that your passport is valid for the whole length of your trip.
Many countries require that your passport be valid for at least six months after your projected return date.